Cieux (Haute-Vienne)

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Géolocalisation sur la carte : Haute-Vienne

Géolocalisation sur la carte : Haute-Vienne

Géolocalisation sur la carte : France

Géolocalisation sur la carte : France

Cieux (Síus en occitan, prononcé « Ci ») est une commune française située dans le département de la Haute-Vienne en région Nouvelle-Aquitaine.

Ses habitants sont appelés les Ciellois.

Longtemps réputée pour son plan d’eau, celui-ci est désormais fermé au public. Son grand étang privé est réservé à la pêche.

L’intersection du 46e parallèle nord et du 1er méridien à l’est de Greenwich se trouve sur le territoire de la commune (voir aussi le Degree Confluence Project).

La commune de Cieux comprend 45 villages : Arnac, la Basse-Forêt, Bellevue, la Betoulle, les Boisgilles, le Boismorand, Boscartus, le Boucheron, la Brousse, Cinturat, Chantegros, Charrat, le Châtenet, le Chêne-Pignier, la Chèze, les Cros, Fromental, la Genette, le Grand-Bost, Grateresse, la Jarrige, les Lathières, Lavalette, Lavaud holder for phone when running, Lignac, Loutre, la Martinerie, le Mas-de-Lesterps, le Mas-Vieux, Monsac, le Montazeaud, Ovier, Pacage-Jo, la Peine, Pérignanas, les Petits-Hors, Poliiserie, la Pouyade, Pranaud, Prenlis, Puymenier, la Rougière, le Theil, Vechèze, Villeforceix.

Elle compte également des habitations isolées qui ne sont pas considérées comme des villages.

Cieux était sous l’autorité de la famille de Brettes, pendant l’Ancien Régime. Celle-ci résidait au village des Cros. Ce village surplombe la commune. Les différents seigneurs étaient enterrés sous l’église de Cieux. Leurs cercueils ont été découverts au début du XXe siècle. De même, cette église est réputée dans tout le Limousin par le nombre de ces cloches. Elles sont au nombre de quatre. Or, il n’y en a que deux qui fonctionnent, car le clocher se fait vieux. Les cloches ont été retirées du clocher en 1901, afin de les entretenir. Mais avant de retrouver leur place elles ont été bénies. Il existe même un souterrain qui relie l’église aux Cros. La commune regorge de souterrains. Ceux-ci datent essentiellement de la Première Guerre mondiale.

Cieux a été profondément marqué par la Seconde Guerre mondiale.

Les armoiries de Cieux se blasonnent ainsi :

D’azur à la divise d’or accompagnée en chef d’un lion léopardé d’or et en pointes de six besants d’or, ordonnés 3, 2 et 1.

Pierre Boyol, écuyer était seigneur de Cieux en 1582.

L’évolution du nombre d’habitants est connue à travers les recensements de la population effectués dans la commune depuis 1793. À partir du , les populations légales des communes sont publiées annuellement dans le cadre d’un recensement qui repose désormais sur une collecte d’information annuelle, concernant successivement tous les territoires communaux au cours d’une période de cinq ans. Pour les communes de moins de 10 000 habitants, une enquête de recensement portant sur toute la population est réalisée tous les cinq ans, les populations légales des années intermédiaires étant quant à elles estimées par interpolation ou extrapolation. Pour la commune, le premier recensement exhaustif entrant dans le cadre du nouveau dispositif a été réalisé en 2006.

En 2014, la commune comptait 960 habitants, en diminution de -1,54 % par rapport à 2009 (Haute-Vienne : 0,36 % , France hors Mayotte : 2,49 %)

Sur la commune de Cieux se trouvent plusieurs terrains protégés:

La lande de Ceinturat (aussi écrit Cinturat) d’une trentaine d’hectares appartenant à l’ensemble des monts de Blond est une formation végétale située entre 300 et 350 mètres d’altitude constituée de plantes ligneuses de petite taille fabric lint remover, essentiellement de bruyères, ajoncs, genêts. Elle est caractéristique des landes atlantiques par ses dépressions humides et ses pentes drainées à l’origine d’une forte diversité de formations végétales. Ce site est une ZNIEFF de type 1 protégée par arrêté préfectoral du 12 janvier 1993.

Particularités du site

Les étangs de Fromental et le chaos rocheux de la Roche aux Fées sont protégés par l’arrêté du 5-10-1977. La protection concerne les étangs de Fromental, l’étang Pas de l’Ane (appelé aussi étang des Fées) et le rocher aux Fées.

Menhir d’Arnac.

Menhir de Ceinturat.

La chapelle du Bois-du-Rat a été édifiée au XIIe siècle.

La colonie du Four, due à l’architecte Roland Schweitzer, a été construite en 1971-1972 à Villeforceix pour le Comité des œuvres laïques de vacances d’enfants et d’adolescents du département de la Seine. En usage jusque vers la fin des années 1980, elle a été désaffectée en 1995. Elle est aujourd’hui une propriété privée. Elle a été labellisée Patrimoine du XXe siècle par arrêté du 21 janvier 2008 .

La commune possède sa propre histoire au travers La petite Histoire de Cieux de A. HYVERNAUD. Elle a également inspiré d’autres auteurs.[évasif]

Sur les autres projets Wikimedia :

Peter Gabriel

Peter Brian Gabriel (født 13. februar 1950 i Surrey, England) er en engelsk musiker. Han fik sit gennembrud som sanger i gruppen Genesis, hvor han spillede en afgørende rolle som karismatisk frontfigur. Han klædte sig ud i forskellige kostumer, f.eks. med et rævehoved eller som en gigantisk solsikke. I 1975 forlod han gruppen for at gå solo.

Gabriel har siden sin første soloplade i 1977 kredset omkring et meget subjektivt og eksperimenterende udtryk og har været åben over for ikke-vestlig musik.

Med pladen So fra 1986 brød han for alvor igennem hitmuren. Herfra stammer monsterhittet Sledgehammer substitute meat tenderizer, som bl.a. nåede 1.pladsen i USA.

Andre hits fra So er Big Time og Don’t Give Up – en duet med Kate Bush. Generelt er Gabriel blevet hyldet som en kunstner, der er populær uden at gå på kompromis med sin musik.

Selvom han i sine unge år havde afvist en plads på filmskolen, forblev han interesseret i det visuelle best beef tenderizer. Videoen til Sledgehammer var banebrydende, bl.a. på grund af sin animation, og vandt 9 MTV Awards foruden flere andre priser.

Peter Gabriel står desuden bag pladeselskabet Real World glass bottles for drinking water.

Holy Infant of Atocha

Holy Infant of Atocha or Santo Niño de Atocha is a Roman Catholic image of the Christ Child popular among the Hispanic cultures of Spain, Latin America and the southwestern United States. It is distinctly characterized by a basket he carries, along with a staff, drinking gourd, and a cape affixed to which is a scallop shell, symbol of a pilgrimage to Saint James.

Devotion to Holy Infant of Atocha originally began as a Marian devotion with a medieval statue of the Madonna and Child in Toledo, Spain. According to Juan Javier Pescador, it originally reflected devotions to three different depictions of the Virgin Mary: Our Lady of Atocha, Our Lady of Antigua, and Our Lady of Pregnancies that later coalesced into Our Lady of Atocha.

The image of the Divine Child was detachable, and devout families would often borrow the image of the infant when a woman was about to give birth to her child.

In the 13th century, Spain was under Muslim rule. The town of Atocha, now part of Madrid’s Arganzuela district, was lost to the Muslims, and many Christians there were taken prisoners as spoils of war. The Christian prisoners were not fed by the jailers, but by family members who brought them food. According to pious legend, the caliph ordered that only children under the age of 12 were permitted to bring food. Conditions became increasingly difficult for those men without small children. The women of Atocha prayed before the statue of Our Lady of Atocha at a nearby parish, a title of the Blessed Virgin Mary, to ask her son Jesus for help.

Reports soon began among the people of Atocha that an unknown child under the age of twelve and dressed in pilgrim’s clothing, had begun to bring food to childless prisoners at night. The women of the town returned to Our Lady of Atocha to thank the Virgin for her intercession, and noticed that the shoes worn by the Infant Jesus were tattered and dusty. They replaced the shoes of the Infant Jesus, but these became worn again. The people of Atocha took this as a sign that it was the Infant Jesus who went out every night to help those in need.

The Holy Child of Atocha is depicted dressed as a boy pilgrim dressed in a brown cloak with white lace collar over a blue robe. He wears a brimmed hat with a plume and carries a basket full of bread in one hand and a pilgrim’s staff in the other. The pilgrim’s staff is often depicted with a water gourd fastened to it. On the cloak he wears a Shell of Saint James, symbol of the pilgrims to the Shrine of Santiago de Compostela in northwestern Spain. The Child is said to roam the hills and valleys, particularly at night, bringing aid and comfort to the needy, and thereby wearing out his shoes. He is usually shown seated.

The Moorish conflict extended well beyond the town of Atocha. During dire points in their journey, travelers reported that a young boy, dressed as a pilgrim, would come to them bringing food and other necessities. The boy would often travel with them until they were out of danger and then guide them to the safest roads to reach their destination. Pious legends continued to be developed and the miraculous Child later became considered to be the Child Jesus and was given the title the Holy Child of Atocha.

There are two primary shrines to Niño de Atocha: at Fresnillo/Plateros in the state of Zacatecas, Mexico and Chimayo, New Mexico, USA. The original Mexican Niño de Atocha was installed in the church of Saint Augustine along with the silver Christ in 1554 not long after a silver strike in Plateros.

In those years silver was discovered in Fresnillo and mines were being opened in the mountains near the settlement. Within a few weeks of the opening of the mine of Fresnillo, there was an explosion and many miners were trapped whats a good meat tenderizer. The wives of the miners went to the church of St. Augustine to pray for their husbands and noticed that the child on the image of Our Lady of Atocha was missing. At the same time, it was said that a child came to the trapped miners, gave them water and showed them the way out of the mine. Whenever there was a problem at the mine the child helped the miners in need. Each time this happened, the image of the child on the Virgin’s arms was found to be dirty and his clothes had little holes in them. After that the Holy Child was taken off his mother’s arms and put on a glass box for everyone to see. The Holy Child of Atocha has become a symbol of Zacatecas and the protector of miners. Many make pilgrimages to Plateros at Christmas to bring toys to the Holy Child.

Holy Infant of Atocha is also popular amongst the mostly Catholic Filipino people. The local variant, simply known as Santo Niño (Holy Child), is portrayed very similarly to the Spanish Atocha, except that it is always standing rather than sitting. He bears a staff with an attached bag or basket, which is usually filled with coins or candy, and he dons a pilgrim hat resembling the Atocha image.

The current Santo Niño found in many Filipino homes is traditionally dressed in either green or red garments. In Filipino Folk Catholicism, red garments are suited for images enshrined at home, while green ones are for those enshrined in business establishments; a common offering to the latter is a bowl filled with coins and sweets. In addition, many Filipinos customarily dress the Santo Niño in modern attire that reflect their professional roles, such as nurses, doctors, janitors, teachers and policemen, as a means of asking for his patronage. These customs relating to dress are also applied to replicas of the Santo Niño de Cebu, brought by Ferdinand Magellan to the islands in 1521, and the Infant Jesus of Prague.

In the film Napoleon Dynamite, Pedro suggests placing santos around the hallways of his high school, recommending El Santo Niño de Atocha. He says that his Aunt Concha has seen him.

Holy Infant of Atocha is sometimes associated with the Yoruba orisha Eshu, or Elegua.

This holy infant appears in the 1991 novel Mojo and the Pickle Jar, by Douglas Bell.

In Michael Jackson’s video for “Beat It” tenderize cooked meat, there is a picture of the Santo Niño above his bed.

On the television sitcom George Lopez, the Holy Infant of Atocha is displayed in the family’s kitchen.

The Colombian television historical drama Escobar, el Patrón del Mal features references to the Holy Infant of Atocha. The saint is a particular favorite of Pablo Escobar’s mother, Enelia Hermilda Gaviria. She displays a very large portrait of the saint (same as the image above) in her foyer and invokes him in verbal blessings upon her loved ones.

Coordinates:

Álex de la Iglesia

Alejandro “Álex” de la Iglesia Mendoza (born 4 December 1965) is a Spanish film director, screenwriter, producer and former comic book artist.

De la Iglesia’s films combines grotesque and very dark elements such as death and murder: most of his work is considered dark comedies, but are also often considered to have horror and/or drama elements. All his films, with the notable exceptions of The Last Circus (2010) and As Luck Would Have It (2011), were written together with Jorge Guerricaechevarría.

Álex de la Iglesia was born in Bilbao, Spain, in 1965. He is a philosophy graduate of the University of Deusto who ended up working in the comic book field at a young age. He had a brief stint in television before finding work as production designer on Pablo Berger’s Mamá. This little seen short film focuses on a family forced to live in a basement after a nuclear war and features a little boy who wears a Batman costume.

Enrique Urbizu came calling for his production designer services in 1991 for Todo por la pasta (Anything for money), a Basque crime thriller which was nominated for 4 Goya Awards, and won 1 (best supporting actress).

He then met José Guerricaechevarria and together they made the short film, Mirindas Asesinas (1991), in which a boring man, whose mind is gradually degenerating, is on the verge of becoming a psychotic killer. The two men became fast friends and have worked together ever since, with José writing the screenplays to many of De La Iglesia’s films cheap football tops.

In 1993 De La Iglesia received a big break when Spain’s most famous director, Pedro Almodóvar, produced his debut feature Accion mutante (Mutant Action). This tale of a group of crippled and handicapped outcasts in the future taking arms against handsome oppressors, became an independent success globally.

The next step he took was El día de la Bestia (The Day Of The Beast) (1995). It won 6 Goyas, the Best Director award amongst them. It also marked his first collaboration with producer Andrés Vicente Gómez.

Wanting to build on the success of The Day Of The Beast, Gómez hired Iglesia to direct Perdita Durango based on novelist Barry Gifford’s 59 Degrees and Raining; The Story of Perdita Durango. Barry Gifford helped out on the script also. Isabella Rossellini played Perdita Durango in David Lynch’s Wild At Heart, also based on a Gifford work.

The film was in English, but did not prove as great a success as hoped; for some it felt too post-Tarantino. The film was also more nasty in its violence, and its confrontational style (though laced with typically dark humour), resulted in cuts and running times around the globe varying from 95 minutes in South Korea to 126 minutes in Spain. It was rumoured Bigas Luna was originally offered the directors chair for the film.

Back in Spain, in 1999 de la Iglesia had success with Dying of Laughter a dark comedy about a Martin & Lewis style comic duo with no love for each other, nominated for 3 Goyas, winning 2. La Comunidad (2000), a dark comedy/thriller set in an apartment block with a money scamble, got 15 Goya nominations, won 3. 800 Bullets (2002), a homage to spaghetti westerns, got 4 Goya nominations, 1 win. And Crimen ferpecto (2004), a dark comedy thriller with a man aspiring to perfection, winning 6 Goya prizes as a result. All these films have the recipe of dark humour, selfish aspirational characters, and very sexy situations.

De la Iglesia himself also provided the voice of The Underminer in the Spanish language dubbing of The Incredibles (2004).

In 2006 he directed an episode of the TV series Películas para no dormir (Films To Keep You Awake) titled The Baby’s Room.

In 2008, de la Iglesia directed the science-fiction comedy TV series Plutón B.R.B. Nero.

He has directed Elijah Wood and John Hurt in The Oxford Murders, which is his second movie in English, released in Spain in January 2008.

His first feature film Accion mutante received two prizes at the Montreal Fantasia Festival, and three Goya’s.[citation needed] For The Day of the Beast (1995), de la Iglesia won the Goya Award for Best Director. Posted on Tags ,

Azerbaijan women’s national volleyball team

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The Azerbaijan women’s national volleyball team (Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan qadın milli voleybol komandası) is formed by the Azerbaijan Volleyball Federation (AVF) and represents Azerbaijan in international CEV and FIVB tournaments.

     Champions       Runners-up       Third place       Fourth place

     Champions       Runners-up     &nbsp water bottle for jogging; Third place       Fourth place

     Champions &nbsp stainless thermos flask;     Runners-up       Fourth place

     Champions       Runners-up       Third place       Fourth place

The following is the Azerbaijan roster in the 2017 Women’s European Volleyball Championship.

Head coach: Faig Garayev

Glamour (Bax)

Glamour is een compositie van de Brit Arnold Bax, gedateerd 11 maart 1921.

Bax zette in 1921 een toonzetting onder een eigen tekst, die hij al in 1910 geschreven had onder zijn pseudoniem Dermot O’Byrne (blad Orpheus

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, oktober 1910). Bax was destijds zijn toenmalige grote liefde achterna gereisd naar Oekraïne. Zij moest niet veel hem hebben en de relatie eindigde spoedig daarna, toen Bax ook zelf inzag dat het op niets zou uitlopen game football jerseys. In maart 1921 schreef hij muziek onder deze tekst, waarbij glamour staat voor betovering. Bij de studie van het werk van Bax door Lewis Foreman en Graham Parlett kwam het werk weer boven tafel, dat ooit onuitgevoerd in de la was verdwenen. In 1983 was het op de radio de beluisteren best hydration belt. Naar aanleiding van het teruggevonden manuscript, waarbij Bax enige aantekeningen omtrent een orkestratie noteerde, schreef eerst Rodney Newton en het jaar daarop Graham Parlett een orkestratie uit. Die laatste is te horen in de opname van Chandos uit 1988.

Thierry Gathuessi

Thierry Gathuessi (born 17 April 1982 in Bafoussam) is a Cameroon-born French footballer who plays for PS Barito Putera in half 2016 season runners water bottle belt.

Gathuessi joined Hibs from FC Sète in July 2007 following a successful trial period with the club. He scored his only goal for Hibs in a 3–2 win over defending SPL champions Celtic. Due to his aggressive playing style, Hibs fans referred to him as “Hong Kong Thierry”, after the cartoon character Hong Kong Phooey why is bromelain used as a meat tenderizer.

Gathuessi fell out of favour at Hibs after he conceded two penalty kicks towards the end of the 2007–08 season. He did not play for Hibs in the 2008–09 season running belt malaysia, having been told by Mixu Paatelainen during August 2008 that he would not play for Hibs again. Gathuessi was eventually released by Hibs to sign for Inverness Caledonian Thistle in January 2009, along with Filipe Morais. He only made one appearance for Inverness, however, before he was released at the end of the 2008–09 season.

Gathuessi had a trial spell with Raith Rovers in November 2009, appearing in a reserve team match and two league matches as a trialist little league football uniforms. He then signed a contract with the Kirkcaldy club during the following month.

In January 2015, he was reported to have signed with Persiram.

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Bürgermeisterei Kelberg

Die Bürgermeisterei Kelberg war eine von zunächst fünf, später sechs preußischen Bürgermeistereien, in welche sich der 1816 gebildete Kreis Adenau im Regierungsbezirk Koblenz (damals „Regierungsbezirk Coblenz“) verwaltungsmäßig gliederte. Von 1822 an gehörte der Regierungsbezirk Koblenz, damit auch die Bürgermeisterei Kelberg, zu der in dem Jahr neu gebildeten Rheinprovinz. Der Verwaltung der Bürgermeisterei unterstanden 28 Gemeinden.

1927 wurde die Bürgermeisterei Kelberg in Amt Kelberg umbenannt. Nach der Auflösung des Kreises Adenau im Jahre 1932 kam das Amt Kelberg zum Kreis Mayen, drei Gemeinden zum Kreis Ahrweiler. Aus dem Amt Kelberg entstand 1968 die Verbandsgemeinde Kelberg.

Zur Bürgermeisterei Kelberg gehörten folgende Gemeinden (Stand 1885):

Die Gemeinden im Bürgermeistereibezirk Kelberg gehörten bis zur Inbesitznahme des Linken Rheinufers durch Frankreich zu den beiden Kurfürstentümern Kurköln (Amt Nürburg) sowie Kurtrier (Amt Daun). Im Jahr 1794 hatten französische Revolutionstruppen das Linke Rheinufer besetzt. Unter der französischen Verwaltung gehörte das Gebiet zum Arrondissement Bonn (Kanton Adenau und Kanton Ulmen), das dem Rhein-Mosel-Departement zugeordnet war.

Aufgrund der Beschlüsse auf dem Wiener Kongress wurde 1815 das Rheinland dem Königreich Preußen zugeordnet. Unter der preußischen Verwaltung wurden im Jahr 1816 Regierungsbezirke, Kreise und Bürgermeistereien sowie zugehörige Gemeinden gebildet. Die Bürgermeisterei Kelberg gehörte zum Kreis Adenau im Regierungsbezirk Coblenz und von 1822 an zur damals neu gebildeten Rheinprovinz. Der Gebietsstand und die Gemeindezuordnung blieb in den folgenden 110 Jahren unverändert.

So wie alle Landbürgermeistereien in der Rheinprovinz wurde die Bürgermeisterei Kelberg 1927 in „Amt Kelberg“ umbenannt.

Aufgrund der „Verordnung über die Neugliederung der Landkreise“ vom 1. August 1932 wurde der Kreis Adenau zum 30. September 1932 aufgelöst. Das Amt Kelberg, mit Ausnahme der Gemeinden Meuspath, Müllenbach und Nürburg, wurde dem Kreis Mayen zugeordnet. Meuspath, Müllenbach und Nürburg wurden dem Amt Adenau im Kreis Ahrweiler zugewiesen.

Das Amt Kelberg bestand bis zur Neubildung der Verbandsgemeinde Kelberg am 1. Oktober 1968.

Die nachfolgende Tabelle ermöglicht einen Überblick über die vorherigen Zugehörigkeiten der Gemeinden der Bürgermeisterei Kelberg:

Nach einer „Topographisch-Statistischen Beschreibung der Königlich Preußischen Rheinprovinzen“ aus dem Jahr 1830 gehörten zur Bürgermeisterei Kelberg ein Flecken georgia football jersey, 19 Dörfern, elf Weilern, sieben Höfen und sechs Mühlen. Im Jahr 1817 wurden in den zugehörenden Gemeinden insgesamt 3.255 Einwohner gezählt; 1828 waren es 3.478 Einwohner oxo meat tenderizer, darunter 1.785 männliche und 1.693 weibliche; alle Einwohner gehörten dem katholischen Glauben an.

Weitere Details entstammen dem „Gemeindelexikon für das Königreich Preußen“ aus dem Jahr 1888, das auf den Ergebnissen der Volkszählung vom 1. Dezember 1885 basiert. Im Verwaltungsgebiet der Bürgermeisterei Kelberg lebten insgesamt 3.724 Einwohner in 749 Haushalten; 1.864 der Einwohner waren männlich und 1.860 weiblich. Bezüglich der Religionszugehörigkeit waren bis auf vier evangelische Einwohner alle katholisch.

1885 betrug die Gesamtfläche der 28 zugehörigen Gemeinden 10.376 Hektar, davon waren 6.606 Hektar Ackerland, 1.249 Hektar Wiesen und 3.455 Hektar Wald.

Adenau | Aremberg (Antweiler) | Brück | Kelberg | Kempenich | Virneburg

Trækprocent

Trækprocenten er udtryk for den procentvise andel af en indtægt, der bliver trukket fra som skat

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Trækprocenten beregnes som summen af kommuneskat, sundhedsbidrag og statsskat (bundskat og topskat) samt eventuelt kirkeskat, hvis man er medlem af Folkekirken. Der har tidligere også været mellemskat, men den blev afskaffet i 2009. Trækprocenten varierer p.t. mellem 37 (for borgere, der betaler bundskat og ikke betaler kirkeskat) og 53 (for borgere, der betaler topskat og som betaler kirkeskat).

Skattetrækket sker af den del af indtægten waist bag belt, der overstiger eventuelle fradrag, og trækprocenten er således ikke udtryk for hvor mange procent, man definitivt betaler i skat.

Arbejdsmarkedsbidraget er ikke inkluderet i trækprocenten, idet det trækkes fra lønnen inden skatteberegningen best leak proof water bottle. Derfor skal man også huske, at man ikke blot kan lægge arbejdsmarkedsbidrag på 8 % oveni trækprocenten for at få marginalskatten, som er det maksimale man kan betale i skat af sidst tjente krone. Marginalskatten for personlig indkomst er 56,2 % i Danmark i 2013.

Trækprocenten fremgår af skattekortet.

Cloruro di magnesio

Il cloruro di magnesio è il composto inorganico di formula MgCl2. Esiste anche in varie forme idrate MgCl2nH2O; di queste, comune è l’esaidrato MgCl2 • 6H2O. In condizioni normali questi composti sono solidi incolori e inodori, tipici alogenuri ionici, molto solubili in acqua. In natura si trova in molte salamoie e laghi salati, nonché in vari minerali, tra i quali bischofite, MgCl2 • 6H2O, e carnallite hydration running pack, KCl • MgCl2 • 6H2O. L’utilizzo principale del cloruro di magnesio è nella produzione di magnesio metallico; è usato inoltre come additivo alimentare e in numerose altre applicazioni.

MgCl2 è un composto ionico. La forma anidra cristallina ha una cella elementare tipo MgCl2, dove l’atomo di magnesio ha coordinazione ottaedrica. Esistono molte forme idrate di formula generale MgCl2nH2O, che perdono progressivamente acqua al crescere della temperatura: n = 12 (-16,4 °C), 8 (-3,4 °C), 6 (116,7 °C), 4 (181 °C), 2 (ca. 300&nbsp personalized reusable water bottles;°C). Nella forma esaidrata lo ione Mg2+ ha ancora coordinazione ottaedrica, ma è legato a sei molecole d’acqua best bottles for toddlers.

Commercialmente il cloruro di magnesio si può estrarre da salamoie, dall’acqua di mare o dai minerali bischofite, MgCl2 • 6H2O, e carnallite, KCl • MgCl2 • 6H2O. Per queste vie si ottiene l’esaidrato MgCl2 • 6H2O; da questo si può ottenere il prodotto anidro con una varietà di processi industriali di disidratazione.

Il prodotto anidro si può ottenere anche trattando a caldo l’ossido di magnesio con coke e cloro:

MgCl2 si forma inoltre come sottoprodotto nel processo Kroll per la produzione di titanio metallico:

In laboratorio si può ottenere cloruro di magnesio da idrossido di magnesio e acido cloridrico, o per reazione tra magnesio e acido cloridrico:

Il cloruro di magnesio ha numerosissime applicazioni. La più importante è come materiale di partenza per la produzione di magnesio metallico per via elettrolitica ad alta temperatura:

Tra le altre applicazioni, è usato nella manifattura di tessuti, carta, materiali ignifughi e cementi. Mescolato con ossido di magnesio, forma il cemento magnesicico. Viene inoltre usato come agente flocculante nel trattamento delle acque.

Nell’industria alimentare è usato come regolatore di acidità, agente rassodante, esaltatore di sapidità e anti-agglomerante. Nell’Unione europea è l’additivo alimentare E511 tenderise steak recipe, senza limiti di utilizzo sia negli alimenti che nell’agricoltura biologica. Viene utilizzato anche nell’industria farmaceutica e cosmetica. Può essere utilizzato come coagulante nella preparazione del tofu.

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